Arkansas Children's Hospital Careers About Arkansas Children's Hospital Contact Us News
Patients and Families Healthcare Professionals Supporters
Published Date: 5-Feb-2009

Prescription Drug Addiction

Most people take their prescription medications properly — to relieve pain, anxiety, or attention deficit. The majority of people who are prescribed potentially addictive drugs use them appropriately, but some people end up abusing their prescription medications. 

Increasingly, however, that’s not always the case. Some people choose to abuse medications that are not prescribed to them. They are often obtained from friends or family members who may have prescription medications on hand, or bought from drug dealers on the street. Some people will also abuse medications that are prescribed to them. The number of teens and young adults ages 12 to 25 who abuse prescription painkillers has more than tripled since the mid 1990s.  

Here is a Q and A about prescription medication addiction. It can help you or a loved one seek help, if necessary.

Q. What drugs are likely to be abused?

A. Three kinds of prescription drugs are most often abused without a prescription:

  • Opioids. These are for pain relief. They include morphine, codeine, OxyContin, Demerol, Norco, Percocet, Suboxone, and Vicodin.

  • Tranquilizers. These are for anxiety and sleep disorders. A few examples are Xanax and Valium.

  • Stimulants. These are for narcolepsy and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Examples are Adderal, Dexedrine, Concerta, and Ritalin.

Q. What are the symptoms of prescription addiction?

A. Signs of addiction include loss of control over taking a medication, hiding pills, obsessively counting them, and finding ways to get more of a medication by making unnecessary emergency room or licensed health care provider  visits.

Other symptoms include taking a drug or medication more often than directed, taking higher doses than instructed usually because the previous dose did not provide the same effect, taking it with other drugs or alcohol or, as is often the case with some prescription opioids (pain medicines), crushing and snorting the pill instead of swallowing it. 

 

Q. Who’s at risk for prescription addiction?

A. Both women and men abuse prescription drugs at approximately the same rate. Women are twice as likely to become addicted as men.

People at the highest risk for addiction to prescription medications are those who have other addictions or who have abused prescription drugs in the past.

Q. What steps can be taken to avoid addiction?

A. Take medications only as prescribed. Get potentially addictive medications only from one licensed health care provider and one pharmacy.

If you have opioids, tranquilizers, or stimulant prescription medications, keep them in a safe place, lock them up to keep them secure, and do not share them with anyone else. The prescription is for you only. 


Online Medical Reviewer: Nelson, Gail A., MS, APRN, BC
Online Medical Reviewer: MMI board-certified, academically affiliated clinician
Last Review Date: 02/13/2014
© 2000-2014 Krames StayWell, 780 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.
Doctors
Health Info
Services
Events
Videos
CareHub
Research
Donate Now
Find us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter Watch our videos on YouTube