Peanut Allergy Diet for Children
General guidelines for peanut allergy
The key to an allergy-free diet is to avoid giving your child the foods or products containing the food to which he or she is allergic. The items that your child is allergic to are called allergens.
A peanut allergy is an abnormal response of the body to the proteins found in peanuts. In order to avoid foods that contain peanuts, it is important to read food labels. Peanuts are very different from tree nuts. Still, some people with peanut allergies also need to avoid tree nuts, such as walnuts, almonds, and cashews.
How to read a label for a peanut-free diet
Be sure to avoid giving your child foods that contain any of the following ingredients:
Cold pressed, expressed, or expelled peanut oil
Nu-Nuts artificial nuts
Peanut protein hydrolysate
Foods that may indicate the presence of peanut protein include
African, Chinese, Indonesian, Vietnamese, Thai, and other ethnic dishes
Chili, spaghetti sauce
Chocolate (candy, candy bars)
Flavoring (natural and artificial)
Hydrolyzed plant protein
Hydrolyzed vegetable protein
ice creams, frozen yogurts
Other possible sources of peanuts or peanut products
Studies show that most allergic children can safely eat foods containing peanut oil, unless it is cold pressed, expressed, expelled peanut oil. Avoid giving your child cold pressed, expressed, and expelled peanut oil. Ask your child's health care provider if it's safe to give your child foods containing, or cooked in, other types of peanut oil.
Peanuts are very allergenic and have the potential to cause fatal reactions if ingested by peanut allergic children.
Ethnic foods, commercially prepared baked goods, and candy can be cross-contaminated with peanuts, since peanuts are frequently used in these types of foods.
Peanut butter and/or peanut flour have been known to be used in homemade chili and spaghetti sauce as thickeners.
Be aware that foods made with hydrolyzed plant and hydrolyzed vegetable protein may contain peanuts.
Nu-Nuts artificial nuts are peanuts that have been deflavored and reflavored with a nut such as pecan or walnut.
Online Medical Reviewer: MMI board-certified, academically-affiliated clinician
Online Medical Reviewer: Pierce-Smith, Daphne, RN, MSN, CCRC
Last Review Date: 09/10/2014
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