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Eye Trauma

Anatomy of the Eye
The structures of the eye include the cornea, iris, pupil, macula, retina, and the optic nerve.
Avoiding Eye Injuries in Children
Children should wear protective eyewear during sports and recreational activities. In the classroom, they should wear eye protection when doing lab experiments.
Blood in the Eye (Hyphema)
Hyphema is blood in the front (anterior) chamber of the eye. This section is where fluid flows in and out. The fluid gives nourishment to the eye and tissues around it.
Bruising or Black Eye (Ecchymosis)
A black eye should be seen by a healthcare provider to make sure no injury has happened to the eye itself. Most black eyes heal completely and do not cause any damage.
Chemical Burns of the Eye
Chemical burns happen when a chemical gets into your child’s eye.
Corneal Abrasions
A corneal abrasion is a scratch or scrape on the cornea. This is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. 
Cosmetic Safety for Adolescent Contact Lens Wearers
Cosmetics are among some of the most common sources of problems for contact lens wearers. Misusing cosmetics can lead to severe harmful reactions.
Eyelid Lacerations
Eyelid lacerations are cuts to the eyelid. They are caused by trauma.
First-Aid for the Eyes
A child with a foreign object in the eye should not rub the eye. An eye wash may be able to flush the object out of the eye. If that doesn't work, seek medical attention immediately.
Foreign Bodies in the Eye
A foreign body is any object in your child’s eye that isn’t supposed to be there. The foreign object may be in the conjunctiva. This is a thin membrane that covers the actual eye. Or it may be in the cornea. This is the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye.
Fractures of the Orbit
An orbital fracture happens when one or more bones surrounding one of your child's eyes is broken. The orbit is the bony structure around the eye.
Health Info
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