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Atrial Septal Defect: References

Wilson, W, Taubert, KA, Gewitz, M, et al. Prevention of Infective Endocarditis. Guidelines From the American Heart Association. A Guideline From the American Heart Association Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease Committee, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. Circulation 2007; 115 published online April 19, 2007.

Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 18th Edition. By Robert M. Kliegman, MD, Bonita M.D. Stanton, MD, Joseph St. Geme, Nina Schor and Richard E. Behrman, MD. Saunders. 2007

Shub, C, Dimopoulos, IN, Seward, JB, et al. Sensitivity of two-dimensional echocardiography in the direct visualization of atrial septal defect utilizing the subcostal approach: experience with 154 patients. J Am Coll Cardiol 1983; 2:127.

Konstantinides, S, Kasper, W, Geibel, A, et al. Detection of left-to-right shunt in atrial septal defect by negative contrast echocardiography: A comparison of transthoracic and transesophageal approach. Am Heart J 1993; 126:909.

Suzuki, Y, Kambara, H, Kadota, K, et al. Detection of intracardiac shunt flow in atrial septal defect using a real-time two-dimensional color-coded Doppler flow imaging system and comparison with contrast two-dimensional echocardiography. Am J Cardiol 1985; 56:347.

Pollick, C, Sullivan, H, Cujec, B, et al. Doppler color-flow imaging assessment of shunt size in atrial septal defect. Circulation 1988; 78:522.

Vick, GW, Murphy, DJ, Ludomirsky, A, et al. Pulmonary venous and systemic ventricular inflow obstruction in patients with congenital heart disease: detection by combined two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol 1987; 9:580.

Roberson, DA, Muhiudeen, IA, Silverman, NH, et al. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography of atrioventricular septal defect. J Am Coll Cardiol 1991; 18:537.

McMahon, CJ, Feltes, TF, Fraley, JK, et al. Natural history of growth of secundum atrial septal defects and implications for transcatheter closure. Heart 2002; 87:256.

Attie, F, Rosas, M, Granados, N, et al. Surgical treatment for secundum atrial septal defects in patients>40 years old. A randomized clinical trial. J Am Coll Cardiol 2001; 38:2035.

Konstantinides, S, Geibel, A, Olschewski, M, et al. A comparison of surgical and medical therapy for atrial septal defect in adults. N Engl J Med 1995; 333:469.

Horvath, KA, Burke, RP, Collins, JJ Jr, et al. Surgical treatment of adult atrial septal defect: Early and long-term results. J Am Coll Cardiol 1992; 20:1156.

Engelfriet, P, Boersma, E, Oechslin, E, et al. The spectrum of adult congenital heart disease in Europe: morbidity and mortality in a 5 year follow-up period. The Euro Heart Survey on adult congenital heart disease. Eur Heart J 2005; 26:2325.

Ewert, P, Berger, F, Vogel, M, et al. Morphology of perforated atrial septal aneurysm suitable for closure by transcatheter device placement. Heart 2000; 84:327.

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