A corneal abrasion is a scratch on the surface of the cornea. The cornea is the clear outer layer on the front of the eye. Corneal abrasions are usually very painful because of all the nerves in the cornea.
Corneal abrasions can be caused by:
Symptoms may include:
Your child’s healthcare provider will ask about symptoms and ask if you know how your child’s eye was scratched. Using special eyedrops and a special light that makes an abrasion easier to see, the provider will look at your child’s eye. The drops contain a dye that will make your child’s vision and tears yellow for a few minutes. It is not unusual to have some yellow discharge from the nose a few minutes after this test.
If something is still in the eye, your child’s provider will flush it out with water or remove it with a swab or needle (after numbing the eye with a drop of anesthetic).
Your child’s healthcare provider may:
Most corneal abrasions heal in a day or two. Larger abrasions will take longer. If symptoms last longer than that, see your child’s healthcare provider again because there may be a more serious problem.
Once the cornea has healed, your child can usually resume normal activities right away. If your child wears contact lenses, your healthcare provider may suggest waiting one week after the cornea has healed before your child wears his contact lenses again.