Blood in the urine is called hematuria. Microscopic hematuria means that the blood is seen only when the urine is examined under a microscope. Gross hematuria means that there is enough blood in the urine to be seen without a microscope. If you think your child has blood in his urine, call your healthcare provider.
Blood in the urine is a sign that something is causing bleeding in the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, the ureters (tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder), the bladder, and the urethra (tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body). Some common causes of blood in the urine are:
Less common causes of blood in the urine in children include:
If your child has blood in her urine, the healthcare provider will ask about other symptoms and examine your child. If the cause is clear, your child will be treated. If the cause isn't clear, your child may need to have:
The treatment of blood in the urine depends on its cause. Your doctor will help explain what course of treatment is best for your child.
How long blood in the urine lasts depends on its cause. For example, blood in the urine related to strenuous exercise usually goes away within 1 or 2 days after the exercise. Blood in the urine from a urinary tract infection will end when the infection is cured. Other causes might take longer to clear up.
Again, the most important advice is to find out the correct cause. In the meantime, your child should: