A nebulizer is a device used with a compressed air machine that turns liquid asthma medicine into a fine mist your child can easily breathe into his lungs.
Most nebulizer cups must be held in an upright position to work well. If the mixture coats the sides and isn't being nebulized, gently tap the side of the nebulizer cup from time to time during the treatment. An average treatment takes 5 to 10 minutes. The treatment is over when all the medicine is gone, mist is no longer being generated, and the nebulizer makes a constant sputtering noise.
Some children cough up mucus after breathing treatments. Note the mucus color and thickness. Normal secretions are usually thin and white or clear. Thick, sticky mucus that is yellow or green may indicate infection. Call your healthcare provider to report a change in the color or thickness of mucus.
If your child needs more treatments than prescribed by your provider, or if the treatments do not improve symptoms, call your provider.
If the nebulizer is not rinsed after each treatment the small holes inside the nebulizer can get clogged and will not make a mist. You do not need to rinse the clear compressor tubing.
RINSING: After each treatment take the nebulizer apart and wash the cup and mouthpiece with soap under hot, running tap water. This includes the mask or mouthpiece. Rub off any mucus stuck to equipment. Shake off the excess water.
DISINFECTING: Each day the nebulizer, mask or mouthpiece may be disinfected by using any of the following methods:
After soaking, rinse with (sterile) boiling water, then air dry.
Do not increase the number of treatments within a 24-hour period without checking with your healthcare provider.