A hyphema is a layered collection of blood in the front part of the eye. The blood can block light from reaching the back of the eye, or the pressure inside the eye can increase. Both of these can cause blurry vision.
A hyphema is usually cause in one of two ways:
Symptoms of hyphema include:
Your child’s healthcare provider will ask about symptoms, examine your child’s eyes, and do tests such as:
Your child may be tested for sickle cell trait. People with sickle cell trait have an increased risk of elevated eye pressure and vision loss from hyphema.
Call your child’s healthcare provider right away if you notice blood in the front of the eye. Sometimes, the blood may be absorbed in a few days. Often, your healthcare provider will advise that your child:
Your child may need surgery to help clear the blood from the front of the eye. This is more likely if:
If the eye does not bleed again, the hyphema will usually clear on its own in one or two weeks, depending on how much blood is present. If the hyphema is not treated, it can damage your child’s optic nerve and cause a permanent loss of vision.
Follow your healthcare provider's instructions for care. Keep all follow-up visits with your child’s healthcare provider. Your child may be at risk for other eye conditions because of the hyphema.