Play is the way that young children learn. There are 3 kinds of play that children need: playing with parents, playing with other children, and playing by themselves. When your child plays independently, you don't have to be in the room (depending on the child's age), but you should check on your child.
Independent play helps children develop self-esteem and confidence. They need their own private space and time. Helping your child become more independent helps them learn about feelings, dreams, and ideas.
Teaching your child to play independently for longer and longer periods of time is a very slow process. You can help by giving them choices and by organizing play times and activities. The age of your child determines what type of activities you use to teach this skill. For toddlers, playing with a toy is a good activity. For older, school-age children, reading or hobbies may be best. Choose activities that your child likes.