The vaginal contraceptive ring is used to keep you from getting pregnant. It is a flexible ring put into the vagina. The ring has the same medicine as birth control pills used to prevent pregnancy.
The vaginal ring is one of the most reliable forms of birth control. For every 1000 women who use the ring exactly as instructed for a year, 3 may get pregnant.
The ring must be prescribed by your healthcare provider.
The vaginal ring contains medicine that is similar to a woman’s natural hormones. Normally, the hormones control the release of an egg from an ovary each month. Using a vaginal ring changes the hormone levels and keeps the ovaries from releasing an egg. If the ovaries don’t release an egg, you cannot get pregnant. The hormones also cause a thickening of the mucus on the cervix and change the lining of the uterus. These changes also help prevent pregnancy.
The ring contains man-made forms of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. They are the same hormones used in birth control pills. The 2 hormones in the ring are absorbed through the vagina into the bloodstream.
When you use the vaginal ring, your periods are regular and usually lighter. Menstrual cramps may not be as painful. The symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) may not be as bothersome.
If you have any questions, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information. Be sure to keep all appointments for provider visits or tests.