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Voiding Cystourethrogram (Bladder Emptying X-Ray): References

"Children's (Pediatric) Voiding Cystourethrogram." RadiologyInfo. Web. <>.

Ferguson GG, Chen C, Yan Y, Royer ME, Campigotto M, Traxel EJ, Coplen DE, Austin PF. The efficacy of oral midazolam for decreasing anxiety in children undergoing voiding cystourethrogram: a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study. J Urol. 2011 Jun;185(6 Suppl):2542-6.

Helpful Information for Parents and Children: Voiding Cystourethrogram (VCUG). Web:

Palmer BW, Ramji FG, Snyder CT, Hemphill M, Kropp BP, Frimberger D. Voiding cystourethrogram-are our protocols the same? J Urol. 2011 Oct;186(4 Suppl):1668-71.

Prasad MM, and Cheng EY. Radiographic evaluation of children with febrile urinary tract infection: bottom-up, top-down, or none of the above? Adv Urol. 2012;2012:716739.

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