Hemophilia is a bleeding disorder that causes the blood to not clot normally. This can cause easy bleeding, bleeding longer than normal or bleeding more than normal. Hemophilia is usually an inherited condition that is passed down in families, but about one-third of children diagnosed with hemophilia have no family history of the condition.
Children born with hemophilia don’t have enough of certain proteins, called clotting factors, in the blood. The two most common types of hemophilia are:
Hemophilia in children can range from mild to severe, based on amount of clotting factor in the blood. The lower the level of clotting factor, the more severe the child’s bleeding.
The symptoms of hemophilia can vary depending on how severe the condition is and where the bleeding occurs. Common symptoms in children may include:
In most cases, hemophilia in children is inherited from a parent. However, about one-third of the time, a baby born with hemophilia is the first in the family to have the condition.
Most children with hemophilia are boys. Girls can sometimes have hemophilia, but this is rare. This is because the genes related to clotting factors are located on the X chromosome. Because girls have two X chromosomes, they almost always have one working copy of the gene. Boys have one X and one Y chromosome, so if their X chromosome carries a clotting factor mutation, they will be born with hemophilia.
Your child’s treatment for hemophilia may depend on the type of hemophilia they have and how severe it is. Your care team at Arkansas Children’s is experienced in treating hemophilia, and we’ll work with you to create the best treatment plan for your child’s specific type of hemophilia and symptoms.