Prader Willie Syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects many different parts of the body. Early signs of the condition include:

  • Feeding difficulties in infancy
  • Weak muscle tone
  • Poor growth
  • Delayed development

Children develop big appetites and an uncontrollable urge to eat between ages 2 and 4. This leads to chronic overeating. Some children become obese and develop Type 2 diabetes.

Other issues caused by Prader-Willie syndrome include:

  • Mild to moderate intellectual impairment
  • Learning disabilities
  • Behavioral problems
  • Short stature
  • Almond-shaped eyes
  • Narrow forehead
  • Small hands and feet
  • Underdeveloped genitals
  • Delayed or incomplete puberty

Treatments focus on maintaining optimum health through:

  • Growth hormone replacement to build strength, improve height and muscle mass
  • Exercise and therapy to build strength and maintain weight
  • Mental health and behavioral counseling
  • Hormone replacement at puberty

Turner Syndrome affects girls and impacts their development. Turner syndrome involves low levels of growth hormone that can lead to:

  • Short stature
  • Webbed neck
  • Swollen hands and feet
  • Infertility

Children with Turner Syndrome are at risk for other health issues, including:

  • High blood pressure
  • Kidney problems
  • Diabetes
  • Cataracts
  • Osteoporosis
  • Thyroid problems

Treatments for Turner Syndrome include:

  • Growth hormone replacement to obtain close-to-average height.
  • Hormone replacement at puberty to boost sexual development.