Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common type of spinal deformity. This form of scoliosis makes the spine curve sideways, but what causes the condition is unknown. Children with idiopathic scoliosis are most often diagnosed between the ages of 10 and adulthood. In most cases, the condition is minor and often goes unnoticed, but the spinal curve can be more severe.
Treatments depend on the severity of the scoliosis:
Large curves may need a brace to prevent further curvature.
If the curve is greater than 45 or 50 percent, surgery may be required to maintain proper lung function
Spinal fusion surgery uses metal rods and bone grafts to realign the spine