Infantile hemangiomas are tumors containing small abnormal blood capillaries that resemble placental tissue. They then grow intermittently, and sometimes quite rapidly, throughout the first 10 -12 months of life. There is usually no more growth after a year of age, and the hemangioma starts its involutional phase. In this phase, the hemangioma can shrink and lighten in color, or it may not appear to do anything.
Infantile hemangiomas can be classified by the areas they involve. Superficial hemangiomas involve skin only.
Depending on how large the hemangioma has grown, this shrinking is frequently not enough to make the lesion “go away.” A large percentage of hemangiomas will require some form of intervention to correct the deformity caused by the growth of the hemangioma or to correct scarring caused by ulceration. For this reason, several treatment options are available to us to help control the growth as much as possible.
Congenital hemangiomas are fully formed at birth, and they usually don’t grow anymore, but they may or may not involute (shrink). There are two types of congenital hemangioma:
Like each of their names implies, one tends to go away rapidly, and the other doesn’t change at all.
Many people call them stork’s bite or angel’s kisses, but vascular birthmarks (medically called vascular anomalies) are abnormal blood vessels that people are born with. Most often, you’ll see them on a baby’s skin not long after they’re born. But they can also be found deeper than the skin and are discovered later in life as they grow.
The characteristics of this syndrome are a mixed venous-lymphatic malformation usually involving the extremities. There is usually a port wine like stain on the affected limb and there is usually a difference in size between the affected and nonaffected limb, the affected one being larger.
Its characteristics are a port-wine stain that involves the skin around the eye and cheek as well as the covering of the brain; seizures; atrophy of the brain tissue; and developmental delay. Early diagnosis is important to allow control of seizures and monitoring of eye pressures by an ophthalmologist to help preserve vision.